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Perinatal mental health problems are associated with increased physical illness and higher mortality among women and children. Mental health problems are associated with risky sexual behaviour and substance abuse, which can lead to unintended pregnancy, GBV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV.

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UNFPA is now implementing the eighth Country Programme (2016-2020) in China. The programme is aligned with current national priorities outlined in the 13th Five Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development for 2016-2020, and it will contribute to the United Nations Development Assistance Framework for the same period. 

 

 

 

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China’s population is experiencing a rapid transition towards a greater proportion and number of older persons. China shows a relatively good comparative position in terms of the wellbeing of older persons, on the basis of the latest 2015 Global AgeWatch Index (http://www.helpage.org/globalagewatch/). However, this study shows that despite unprecedented economic progress, major disparities persist between urban and rural areas, between the wealthier Eastern coast and the poorer Western and Central regions, and between men and women. These disparities exist largely because of differential life course experiences that tend to be magnified in old age due to theircumulative effects. These disparities have drawn attention from the Government of China as well as in the work of the international development agencies. This report contributes towards understanding the situation better and making recommendations for policy reforms.

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This study was conducted jointly by the China National Health Development Research Center (CNHDRC) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). As the first of its kind in China, it was conducted on a provincial level, namely in Sichuan and Fujian (see areas of study below). It followed the standard National Health Account methodology developed by the OECD, Eurostat and WHO and was adapted to the local context and topic of interest. 

 

 

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Today, more than 75 percent of people affected by humanitarian crises are women and children. And adolescents aged 10-19 years constitute  a significant proportion of the population in many conflict and post- conflict settings.

 

 

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Asia-Pacific is the most disaster-prone region in the world. It is also home to a number of long-running conflicts that exact a human toll. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) places women and girls at the center of humanitarian response. Every year the number and frequency of disasters (whether natural or conflict-related) is increasing, with millions of people displaced from their homes. UNFPA works to fulfill the pledge of the Sustainable Development Goals, leaving no one behind: focusing on the needs of women and girls for a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe, and every young person’s potential is fulfilled.

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China has implemented the family planning policy since the 1980s. Population who followed the policy in early years are now at their middle and old ages and families who lost their only child due to various reasons both in terms of the number and their general status have aroused extensive concerns of the society. Using data from the 2010 National Population Census, this report analyses the status of women who lost their only child and the number and characteristics of their families. Besides, in comparison with the characteristics of one-child families, analysis is also conducted on the causes of formation of families that lost their only child and their difficulties. Countermeasures are proposed correspondingly.

  

 

 

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Young people matter. They matter because an unprecedented1.8 billion youth are alive today, and becausethey are the shapers and leaders of our global future.They matter because they have inherent human rightsthat must be fulfilled.

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Adopted by 179 governments, the ICPD Programme of Action marked a fundamental shift in global thinking on population and development issuesIt moved away from a focus on reaching speci c demographic targets to a focus on the needs, aspi- rations and rights of individual women and men The Programme of Action asserted that everyone counts, that the true focus of development policy must be the improvement of individual lives and the measure of progress should be the extent to which we address inequalities  

 

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UNFPA and the national partners in China plan to develop a proposal for a national comprehensive SRH policy framework. In preparation for this, UNFPA supported a case study review of the existing SRH policy frameworks of other countries in different regions, highlighting good examples as well as key factors defining core content and scope of such policy framework. The report presents the cases of thirteen countries across a range of different levels of social and economic development. We hope that together with other references, the report will be a good resource for ensuing policy discussions and dialogue. 

 

 

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