You are here

The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD, Cairo, 1994) was a watershed event that forged an international consensus on population and development. It the conference, 179 governments, including China, endorsed a 20-year Programme of Action which focused on individuals’ needs and rights rather than on achieving demographic targets.Concrete goals include providing universal education; reducing infant,child and maternal mortality;and ensuring universal access by 2015 to reproductive health care,including family planning, assisted childbirth, and preventionof sexually transmitted infections and HIV.