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Population Dynamics

Good policymaking requires reliable and disaggregated data about people. Government policies that promote development and reduce poverty are more likely to succeed if they take into account population dynamics. Policies guided by reliable population data can lead to equitable access to essential social services by vulnerable groups.

The work in this area contributes to all the SDGs, and particularly Goal 10 and 11.

  • Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries
  • Goal 11. Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 


Increased use of evidence based analysis of population dynamics for the development of rights-based national and sub-national policies, strategies and plans targeting young people, women, the elderly and populations in vulnerable situations


  • Promote data for population and development
  • Support rights-based development plans to ensure equitable access to essential services, including sexual and reproductive health, among migrants, women, youth and the elderly
  • Promote equitable and healthy ageing

Promote data for population and development

In collaboration with the National Statistics Bureau, UNFPA will continue to support production and dissemination of high quality disaggregated socio- demographic data on population and development. The increased availability of population data will be used to support the reporting on national and international development goals, particularly the Sustainable Development Goals.

UNFPA will facilitate South-South Cooperation in the area of data for development, supporting otherdeveloping countries in generating, analyzing and utilizing data.

Support rights-based development plans to ensure equitable access to essential services, including sexual and reproductive health, among migrants, women, youth and the elderly

Rights-based national and sub-national plans are essential to ensure older persons, youth, women, migrants and other vulnerable groups have equal rights and opportunities to benefit from and contribute to the national development process. In collaboration with National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and China Population and Development Research Center of the National Health and Family Planning Commission, UNFPA will provide technical assistance and
inputs to:

  • the implementation of the 13th National Five-Year Plan on Social and Economic Development (2016-2020), particularly on population and development
  • the formulation of National Medium/Long Term Population and Development Plan (2016-2030)
  • the establishment of socio-demographic databases in order to analyse population trends and inform policy making
  • the development planning in selected cities based on changing population dynamics of groups affected by migration, urbanization and ageing, to ensure equal access to social services, particularly sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and maternal and child health (MCH) services by women, youth, migrants and older persons

Promote equitable and health ageing

The growth of the ageing population in China comes at a time in which a large scale rural to urban migration is taking place, undermining the traditional family support system and revealing a multitude of challenges to equitable ageing process. To ensure the older persons enjoy the benefits of development equally with other population groups and among various segments of themselves, UNFPA will promote equitable and healthy ageing, mainly through:

  • technical assistance to the planning, implementation and review of the 13th Five Year Plan on Ageing led by the China National Committee on Ageing (CNCA)
  • technical assistance to the development of the National Strategy on Ageing led by NDRC
  • support analysis of population ageing in China
  • support the use of innovative approaches, in particular ICT technology, in old age care system and services