Publications

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Good Practice: HIV Prevention Health Education among Migrants in the Railway System in China

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UNFPA advocates for policies and laws that promote and protect migrants’ human rights. UNFPA places emphasis on the need to recognize the substantial contributions woman migrants make both in destination cities, where they provide services that benefit families and economies, and in their home counties, where they send a substantial portion of their earnings, which improves their communities and the lives of family members. As part of its work on urbanization, UNFPA supports policy reform, research and services for those most a ected, especially migrants. 

 

 

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Established in 1969, UNFPA is the world’s largest internationally funded supporter of population co- operation. UNFPA’s goal is to help developing countries formulate population policies and sustainable development strategies, offer reproductive health and family planning services to women, men, young people and people in emergency conditions, protect women’s interests and rights and promote gender equality 

The Chinese Government and UNFPA signed a Memorandum of Understanding in Beijing in 1978. A cooperative agreement, which con rmed the basic principles of this cooperation, was signed two years later. Over the past 30 years, China and UNFPA have conducted a total of six cycles of cooperation, with more than 120 projects being implemented and China receiving US$216 million in aid.  

 

 

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The review of China’s experiences at ICPD +15 is an opportune time to document the achievements and their facilitating factors, and to analyze the challenges China still faces in fulfilling the ICPD principles by 2014, and the MDG goals before the set deadline of 2015. The review findings are not only of great importance to China, but potentially also for the international community, particularly those countries who are currently undergoing, or are likely to experience similar economic growth and demographic transitions as China. 

 

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In the last 20 years, with the Government’s committed efforts to the development road of reform and opening up, and attaining the objectives of shaking off poverty, solving the problem of basic food and clothing, improving people’s standard of living and realizing well-off life in an all-round way, great changes have taken place in China’s social and economic situations. The national economy has maintained sustained, steady and quick growth; people’s living standard has been improved continuously; the income for urban and rural households has increased steadily; the number of poverty-stricken people has decreased significantly, contributing to remarkable achievements in both social and economic sectors. China has become the first developing country in the world to realize the Millennium Development Goal of “eradicating poverty”.

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HIV/AIDS prevention project (CPR03P02) was implemented in 5 counties in Hubei, Hunan, Liaoning, Shandong and Hebei provinces during 2003-2006. The project was implemented by the National Center for AIDS/STD Prevention and Control (NCAIDS), supported by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The total project contribution was US$1.1 million from UNFPA and 1.85 million RMB from the government. 

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The demographic structure of population, particularly age and sex, has profound consequences for harmonious and sustainable social and economic development. Furthermore, analyzing sex ratios of population is important in analyzing the status of women and girls.

 

 

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This booklet is intended primarily for develop- ment practitioners. It provides practical points to consider when designing and implementing projects addressing violence against women.

 

 

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Creating a truly equitable society is a long-term process. Nevertheless,through the collection and analysis of disaggregated data,UNFPA can identify groups that are consistently marginalized orexcluded and target its interventions accordingly. By using evidencebasedresearch and partnering with strategically placed individualsand groups, UNFPA can strengthen its advocacy efforts andencourage national authorities and civil society to engage in policydialogue – with the ultimate goal of eliminating the most egregiousforms of inequality.

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The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD, Cairo, 1994) was a watershed event that forged an international consensus on population and development. It the conference, 179 governments, including China, endorsed a 20-year Programme of Action which focused on individuals’ needs and rights rather than on achieving demographic targets.Concrete goals include providing universal education; reducing infant,child and maternal mortality;and ensuring universal access by 2015 to reproductive health care,including family planning, assisted childbirth, and preventionof sexually transmitted infections and HIV.

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