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Population ageing refers to a process whereby a population ages, i.e. the proportion of older persons in the population increases relative to that of younger persons, and the population’s median age increases. It is the result of socio-economic developments, with decreasing birth rate and increasing life expectancy. These developments have profound long-term demographic, social and economic implications. Policy makers and the society at large need to create new and supportive societal structures to deal with challenges, as well as harness potential opportunities that may arise from population ageing. 

 

 

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When a girl becomes pregnant, her present and future change radically and rarely for the better. Her education may end, her job prospects evaporate, and her vulnerabilities to poverty, exclusion and dependency multiply. 

 

 

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In 2013, UNFPA in China continued to support national capacity to promote linkages between changing population dynamics and development planning, thus facilitating informed and evidence-based population policies. UNFPA provided technical support to formulate sectoral responses to challenges and opportunities posed by rapid urbanization, migration and ageing, and to consider comprehensive policy options when faced with complex and interlinked changes in population dynamics. 

 

 

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This study was funded and led by UNFPA China with technical support from Partners for Prevention (P4P), a UNDP, UNFPA, UN Women and UNV Asia-Pacific Regional Joint Programme for Gender-based Violence Prevention. The study is part of P4P’s Asia and the Pacific regional research project, UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence, which is being conducted in seven countries in the Asia-Pacific region. 

 

 

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This glossary is designed as a tool to enable a consistent and proper use of key terms on gender programming by UNFPA colleagues, translators, partners and researchers working on the issues. The three key areas of the UNFPA mandate are sexual and reproductive health, gender equality and population and development strategies. In line with the UNFPA mandate and country office’s main focus areas on gender programming, the glossary includes terms on gender mainstreaming, male involvement, gender-based violence, sex ratio at birth, sexual and reproductive health, and programme management. United Nations Multilingual Terminology Database (UNTERM) has been used as an important reference to validate the translations of some key terms in this glossary.

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2012 is the second year of the five-year cycle of UNFPA’s seventh cooperation programme in China. The year witnessed several endeavors from UNFPA and government counterparts to improve effectiveness and efficiency in program implementation. Annual work plans were prepared and implemented in line with the blue print set out in the Country Programme Action Plan signed by the Government of the PRC and UNFPA in 2011.

 

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Ageing in the Twenty-First Century: A Celebration and A Challenge analyses the current situation of older persons and reviews progress in policies and actions taken by governments and other stakeholders since the Second World Assembly on Ageing in implementing the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing to respond to the opportunities and challenges of an ageing world. It provides many inspiring examples of innovative programmes that successfully address ageing issues and the concerns of older persons. 

 

 

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This report, a collaborative effort of the United Nations and other major international organizations working in the area of population ageing, sheds light on progress towards implementing this Plan. It utilizes both a quantitative approach analysing policies and actions, and a qualitative approach bringing the voices of older persons themselves into the heart of the discussion. 

 

 

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China is experiencing an accelerated urbanization process. By the end of 2010, the urbanization rate in China had reached 49.7%, an increase by 13.5 percentage points compared to that in 2000 and a faster increase than the 9.9 percentage points for the period during 1990-2000. This represents a population of 660 million now living in the urban areas of China, an increase of over 200 million compared to that in 2000. 

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The State of the World’s Midwifery 2011: Delivering Health, Saving Lives presents a body of knowledge to inform and accelerate the availability of quality midwifery services for women and newborns. It aims to make a valuable contribution both to strengthening the midwifery workforce around the world and to the critical planning that is needed to achieve the health Millennium Development Goals. The first ever State of the World’s Midwifery is focused on 58 countries with high rates of maternal, foetal and newborn mortality. Its content has been largely informed by responses to a detailed survey that was developed to collect new or updated data and information in six areas: the number and types of practising midwifery personnel, education, regulation, professional association, policies and external development assistance. 

 

 

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