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This leaflet provides a brief introduction to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and its work in China.

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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by world leaders in 2015 outlined an integrated and ambitious development agenda towards 2030, where young people’s health, in particular their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), has been strongly emphasized. In China, several national policy documents have addressed young people’s SRHR. However, the current situation of young people’s SRHR in China is concerning.

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A rights-based advocacy kit on family planning developed by UNFPA, in cooperation with the China National Health and Family Planning Commission.

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A meeting report summarising the roundtable discussion on women's health through life course and empowerment in August 2017.

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As an expression of a harmful practice, gender-biased sex selection (GBSS) in favor of boys is a symptom of pervasive social, cultural, political and economic injustices against girls and women. GBSS leads to distorted levels of sex ratio at birth (SRB).
 
Analysis of data indicates that in recent decades, imbalanced SRB favoring boys have grown in a number of South Asian, East Asian, and Central Asian as well as East European countries. China has witnessed the most prolonged and significantly skewed SRB among the countries facing a similar challenge.
 
 
 
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The largest aged population in the world are now living in China.

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What do economic inequality and family planning have in common? The surprising link between the two is explored in the State of World Population 2017, the flagship report of UNFPA.

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Perinatal mental health problems are associated with increased physical illness and higher mortality among women and children. Mental health problems are associated with risky sexual behaviour and substance abuse, which can lead to unintended pregnancy, GBV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV.

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UNFPA is now implementing the eighth Country Programme (2016-2020) in China. The programme is aligned with current national priorities outlined in the 13th Five Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development for 2016-2020, and it will contribute to the United Nations Development Assistance Framework for the same period. 

 

 

 

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China’s population is experiencing a rapid transition towards a greater proportion and number of older persons. China shows a relatively good comparative position in terms of the wellbeing of older persons, on the basis of the latest 2015 Global AgeWatch Index (http://www.helpage.org/globalagewatch/). However, this study shows that despite unprecedented economic progress, major disparities persist between urban and rural areas, between the wealthier Eastern coast and the poorer Western and Central regions, and between men and women. These disparities exist largely because of differential life course experiences that tend to be magnified in old age due to theircumulative effects. These disparities have drawn attention from the Government of China as well as in the work of the international development agencies. This report contributes towards understanding the situation better and making recommendations for policy reforms.

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