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In the last 20 years, with the Government’s committed efforts to the development road of reform and opening up, and attaining the objectives of shaking off poverty, solving the problem of basic food and clothing, improving people’s standard of living and realizing well-off life in an all-round way, great changes have taken place in China’s social and economic situations. The national economy has maintained sustained, steady and quick growth; people’s living standard has been improved continuously; the income for urban and rural households has increased steadily; the number of poverty-stricken people has decreased significantly, contributing to remarkable achievements in both social and economic sectors. China has become the first developing country in the world to realize the Millennium Development Goal of “eradicating poverty”.

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The review of China’s experiences at ICPD +15 is an opportune time to document the achievements and their facilitating factors, and to analyze the challenges China still faces in fulfilling the ICPD principles by 2014, and the MDG goals before the set deadline of 2015. The review findings are not only of great importance to China, but potentially also for the international community, particularly those countries who are currently undergoing, or are likely to experience similar economic growth and demographic transitions as China.  

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HIV/AIDS prevention project (CPR03P02) was implemented in 5 counties in Hubei, Hunan, Liaoning, Shandong and Hebei provinces during 2003-2006. The project was implemented by the National Center for AIDS/STD Prevention and Control (NCAIDS), supported by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The total project contribution was US$1.1 million from UNFPA and 1.85 million RMB from the government. 

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The demographic structure of population, particularly age and sex, has profound consequences for harmonious and sustainable social and economic development. Furthermore, analyzing sex ratios of population is important in analyzing the status of women and girls.  

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This booklet is intended primarily for develop- ment practitioners. It provides practical points to consider when designing and implementing projects addressing violence against women.  

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Creating a truly equitable society is a long-term process. Nevertheless,through the collection and analysis of disaggregated data,UNFPA can identify groups that are consistently marginalized orexcluded and target its interventions accordingly. By using evidencebasedresearch and partnering with strategically placed individualsand groups, UNFPA can strengthen its advocacy efforts andencourage national authorities and civil society to engage in policydialogue – with the ultimate goal of eliminating the most egregiousforms of inequality.

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The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD, Cairo, 1994) was a watershed event that forged an international consensus on population and development. It the conference, 179 governments, including China, endorsed a 20-year Programme of Action which focused on individuals’ needs and rights rather than on achieving demographic targets.Concrete goals include providing universal education; reducing infant,child and maternal mortality;and ensuring universal access by 2015 to reproductive health care,including family planning, assisted childbirth, and preventionof sexually transmitted infections and HIV.

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This booklet was based on research carried out by UNFPA on integrating cultural perspectives into its programming.  

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The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development occurs at a defining moment in the history of international cooperation. With the growing recognition of global population, development and environmental interdependence, the opportunity to adopt suitable macro- and socio- economic policies to promote countries and to mobilize human and financial resource for global problem-solving has never been greater.

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